Table of Contents
Building local communities using Maps, Apps and Storytelling
David Wilcox and Drew Mackie Draft May 2015 | Contact
Summary: thinking about communities as social ecosystems provides a framework for understanding what makes up a community, and how the use of network mapping and digital apps for organising and communicating can improve the effectiveness of community building. Stories and conversations, online and face-to-face, contribute content.
Any local community embodies lots of relationships between people and organisations, who are exchanging information and ideas using a host of different methods, and engaging in a multitude of activities.
If we wish to help build more or better relationships, make the most of what we have, and support more activity, it may be useful to think of the community as a social ecosystem.
We have developed a proposal for a major funder using the framework below to take forward findings from our exploration into Living Well in the Digital Age. The Living Well Kit and Labs is being piloted in Croydon, and designed to support the Grey Cells Open Policy Making Initiative for local digital services.
It is also designed to integrate with asset-based community development programmes - like the one we are working with in Croydon - that focus on the work of local community builders and volunteer connectors.
So far tech enabling of local community building has usually focused on social media, civic apps and digital storytelling. This framework introduces network mapping, and integrates all elements. We have run a number of workshop games and simulations to test and illustrate the approach, particularly in relation to digital inclusion, social isolation and wellbeing.
A local ecosystem will have these main components:
People with different interests, motivations, experience, and disposition and skills. Some will have a wide network of relationships, some less; some will share ideas openly, others not.
Groups and organisations that may or may not have a culture of sharing, good or poor internal communications, hierarchical or networked structures.
Networks that define the relationships between people and organisations.
Content in different formats and media: ranging from books and essays to blog posts and tweets; highly structured or snippets; formal or informal.
Types of exchange which may be conversational or formal; stories or documents.
Social spaces where people meet or just bump into each other - churches and mosques, supermarkets, pubs and school gates, community centres and sports venues.
Online platforms for sharing: big systems like Google, Facebook and Twitter that provide the platform for much exchange; closed systems within organisations; self-hosted systems.
Tools: social media and other tools that allow us to share content on platforms as well as face-to-face conversations, phone calls, paper-based communications, radio, TV.
Resources in the community - which may be places, funds, repositories of knowledge and expertise, for example.
Activities using resources, undertaken by people and organisations, that may become projects.
Using ecosystems as a framework for understanding and action
With this framework, we can:
- Explore the characteristics of people and organisations, and the resources that they hold.
- Show the relationships between people and organisations, by mapping these networks.
- Identify different roles within networks - connectors, promoters, resource-holders.
- Use a range of tools and methods to build relationships, by helping people share content and engage in different activities.
The diagram shows how we can use fictitious personas, or case studies drawn from local experience, to describe typical individuals and families in co-design workshops together with network maps of local resources, and stories about real situations. Technology can then be chosen to support community builders, connectors, and others to help build local systems and relationships. See below for workshop games exploring this process.
Enabling community building by network mapping and apps
Traditionally community builders have understood and developed community ecosystems by a range of activities including:
- Finding who is active in the community, and who may be connecting people.
- Joining in conversations to find what interests people, what new things they would value.
- Identifying resources, creating directories, locating resources on geographical maps.
- Supporting and training connectors.
- Spotting and organising ideas for activities.
- Supporting people in developing activities and projects
- Helping people tell stories.
- Organising events.
These activities can be enhanced by the use of technologies to improving communication, and by adding a new dimension to mapping.
Using simple survey questionnaires, online or on paper, we can ask people to provide information about the networks they are in, or know about. We might ask them:
- Who they work with, and what resources they hold.
- What friends or other people they can turn to when in need of information or advice.
- What services they get from different organisations.
- What stories they can tell about their connections.
From this information it is possible to use network mapping software to do a number of things:
- Show graphically the relationships between people and organisations - the links.
- Store information on the map about the people or organisations - the nodes. This might be interests, resources, or other characteristics.
- Analyse from the shape of the network who has greatest influence, and connecting capability.
- Show changes in the network over time - if surveys are repeated - to demonstrate the impact of community building in growing social capital.
- Embed stories in the nodes and links - bringing to life the who, why, what, and how of activities. These can then link to where - on a geographical map - and when on a timeline.
Digital apps and Storytelling
Many of the activities of community builders and connectors can be carried out more easily and effectively using digital tools - many of them mobile phone apps. For example:
- Facebook, Twitter and other social networks for community discussion, events and informal sharing.
- Audio and video for storytelling.
- Event organising apps.
- Specialist apps to log conversations, issues and ideas.
- Blogs to host news and stories.
- Collaborative tools for team and project work.
Games, simulations and a kit
We have used games and simulations to demonstrate and plan how mapping and social apps can be used
- Apps for community builders In this workshop community builders played through which apps they would use to support their activities.