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partnerships:articles:dwnew [2017/06/12 10:20] (current)
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 +COMMUNITY INTERNET
 +==================
 +
 +\
 +
 +.... or when will ordinary people get a look in?
 +------------------------------------------------
 +
 +\
 + ​Presentation by [David Wilcox](mailto:​dwilcox@pavilion.co.uk),​ Editor,
 +Communities Online. Newtel, October18 1996.
 +
 +My interest stems from
 +======================
 +
 +-   ​Journalism - I worked for a local paper in Reading, and the London
 +    Evening Standard. The media can stand on the side of \`ordinary
 +    people'​ - but often it re-inforces elites. So can the new media
 +    enable the readers to become the writers?
 +-   ​Partnerships and community participation,​ where I have worked as a
 +    consultant. We need new methods to communicate across public,
 +    private and voluntary sectors, and ways to empower the smaller
 +    partners and citizens. Can the new media help?
 +
 +What are your questions....
 +---------------------------
 +
 +The audience provided a range of questions around he cost of getting
 +online, public access, integrity of information and other issues dealt
 +with below.\
 +
 +
 +What is the Internet
 +====================
 +
 +The Internet
 +------------
 +
 +-   An international network of computers
 +-   Small users connect via modem (which connects the computer to an
 +    ordinary phone line), dialling in to an Internet Service Provider
 +    (ISP). The ISP is permanently connected to the Internet. Once
 +    connected, you are part of the Internet.
 +-   Cost is usually a local call added to the phone bill like any other,
 +    plus a flat rate charge from the ISP.
 +
 +Service providers
 +-----------------
 +
 +-   ​Straight connection: e.g. Demon. [[sterling]]10-[[sterling]]15 a
 +    month flat rate.
 +-   ​Compuserve and other providers like American Online.: connection
 +    plus information. £6.50 per month, free time, then time charges.
 +-   ​Bulletin Board Systems with '​gateways'​ [[sterling]]0 up. These are
 +    computers often run by enthusiasts which users can dial into and
 +    share information with other users. They may also have a \`gateway'​
 +    to pass email and other content to the Internet, or may be separate
 +    systems.
 +
 +The functions of the Internet
 +-----------------------------
 +
 +-   ​Private email - one to one
 +-   ​Public email - mailing lists and conference areas
 +-   File libraries and transfers of files
 +-   World Wide Web - text graphics and linked pages
 +-   ​Databases
 +
 +Does the Internet matter
 +
 +Three views
 +-----------
 +
 +### Techno-doom.
 +
 +The impact of new technology will be something like a combination of the
 +internal combustion engine on town and countryside,​ TV on our leisure,
 +and the black death on our health - mentally at least. It will destroy
 +the national state, destroy many jobs, and glue our children to the
 +screen downloading porn. This view was ably presented by Ian Angell, LSE
 +Professor recently in The Independent and on BBC2 in the programme on
 +globalisation.
 +
 +### Techno empowerment.
 +
 +For the first time anyone can be an international publisher. The kid is
 +the back bedroom is as powerful as the grey suits. The Internet can be
 +used to rebuild our communities by democratising communication and
 +provides great opportunities for entrepreneurs.
 +
 +### Techno weary.
 +
 +The Internet is over hyped - rather like CB radio. If you do use it
 +regularly you will soon fall back to basic email. Top people in the
 +industry use meetings, phone and pieces of paper. See Clifford Stoll in
 +Silicon Snake Oil for this view.
 +
 +Which is right?
 +---------------
 +
 +-   Smart money in the computer industry is going towards the Net
 +-   ​Message carriers and producers joining -e.g. BT and Rupert Murdoch
 +-   ​Activists are using the Net to organise campaigns
 +-   Soon be consumer services - TV **s**et top boxes as well as PCs for
 +    Internet access
 +-   Local community information and communication systems developing
 +-   Every Single Regeneration Budget application has to have an IT
 +    component!
 +
 +Community networks
 +==================
 +
 +10 years experience in North America
 +------------------------------------
 +
 +-   ​First,​ local Bulletin Board Systems, then Free-Nets providing
 +    Internet access, now community networks
 +-   ​Networks are providing access, information,​ communication,​ and
 +    support
 +-   They use volunteers, operate as non profit distributing
 +    organisations,​ and are now being challenged by commercial networks
 +    providing a mix of ads and public information
 +
 +In the UK
 +---------
 +
 +-   Rapid growth of local Internet Service Providers - some with local
 +    content
 +-   Local authorities putting up public information on the Web
 +-   ​Entrepreneurs creating '​virtual towns'
 +-   Some free BBS and Intranet systems (Intranets are closed systems
 +    using Internet software)
 +-   ​Umbrella sites providing Web space for non profits
 +
 +UK Communities Online
 +---------------------
 +
 +-   A forum for exchange of experience on community applications of IT
 +-   ​Contributing to 'IT for All', the Government'​s promotional campaign
 +    to be launched in December 1996
 +-   See Communities Online Forum at
 +    [http://​www.communities.org.uk](http://​www.communities.org.uk/​)
 +
 +Where'​s the real value?
 +
 +The obvious and immediate
 +-------------------------
 +
 +-   ​Private email is great - if you can manage the increasing flow of
 +    messages
 +-   ​Public email fosters communities of interest
 +-   Web puts content into the public domain permanently
 +-   The medium is fast, non hierarchical,​ crosses boundaries
 +
 +The vision
 +----------
 +
 +-   ​Connect the whole community
 +-   ​Provide information - a common knowledge base
 +-   ​Support communication,​ networking
 +-   ​Create new employment opportunities
 +
 +Towards Community Internet
 +==========================
 +
 +Principles
 +----------
 +
 +-   ​Commitment to affordable universal access
 +-   ​Public information and officials online
 +-   ​Communication not just information
 +-   Room for dissent
 +-   For citizens as well as consumers
 +
 +In practice
 +-----------
 +
 +-   ​Independent space
 +-   ​Training and support will be needed
 +-   Built bottom-up as well as top-down
 +-   ... created by a Community Internet Partnership
 +-   ​Financially sustainable
 +
 +The approach
 +------------
 +
 +Make development transparent - use the medium\
 +
 +
 +Page prepared by [David Wilcox](mailto:​dwilcox@pavilion.co.uk) October
 +27 1996
  
partnerships/articles/dwnew.txt · Last modified: 2017/06/12 10:20 (external edit)